Fouquieria splendens. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire. Fouquieria splendens. Plant Database Search. Ocotillo. This upright thorny shrub occurs from southern California east to west Texas and ranges south into. Fouquieria splendens Engelm. Go To Encyclopedia of Life Family: Fouquieriaceae Fouquieria splendens image. Max Licher. VPAP; Field Guide; Web Links.

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The Plant Guide

This cycle can replay several times a season. The plant branches very heavily at its base, but above that the branches are pole-like and only infrequently divide further, and specimens in cultivation may not exhibit any secondary branches.

Flowers are clustered indeterminately at the tips of each mature stem. Log in or create an account to post a comment. For much of the year, the plant appears to be an arrangement of large spiny dead sticks, although closer examination reveals that the stems are partly green. Fokquieria prefers lean, neutral to alkaline soil.

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The stems epidermis contains chlorophyll that contribute to produce the photosynthate splenfens for the rapid development of ephemeral leaves and roots after rains. Ocotillo near Gila Bend, Arizona. Click on the squares for occurrence records. The first type of leaves is long spoon-shaped, up to 5 cm long, is produced only during the wet season. Subspecies, varieties, forms and cultivars of plants belonging to the Fouquieria splendens group. Tube mm white. The stems may reach a diameter of 5 centimeters at the base, and the plant may grow to a height of 10 meters, but growth is very slow.


Fouquieria splendens is leafless most of the year and generally remain leafless during coldest part of winter. Flowers appear especially after rainfall in spring, summer, and occasionally autumn.

Retrieved from ” https: Growth Rate Very Slow, Fast. The petiole of spoon-shaped leaves persist fouquiedia the blades drop, becoming hard, conical spines.

Please log in or create a free account. Watch for the plants s;lendens up quickly after rains. This data was interpolated to estimate average July-August-September precipitation for the latitude and longitude of each plant occurrence location provided by the Consortium of California Herbaria.

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Fouquieria splendens

Search our database of Plants. It branches profusely from the base in a typical candelabra shape and sheds its leaves and flowers during drought periods, but chlorophyll in the bark allows the photosynthesis also without leaves. Tube mm orange-red to red. Fouquieria splendens Photo by: Log In New Account Sitemap.

Form Upright, Fountain, Upright Columnar. Shrub to small tree; short trunk cm tall bearing numerous usually simple, erect, spiny branches m high Leaves: Found on dry, rocky or gravelly slopes and sandy plains from sea level to 5, ft m ; flowers February-March.


Wildlife Attracted Hummingbirds, Verdin and other desert bird, insects. Ocotillo forest in the Santa Rita Mountains of Arizona.

For the census-designated place, see Ocotillo, California. It grows with a large assortment of cacti and other succulents, including Mojave yucca Yucca schidigerabeavertail cactus Opuntia basilaris Barrel Cactus Ferocactus cylindraceus Chollas Opuntia spp. Gum from the bark was used to wax leather. Transplanted plants require irrigation to become established, but once established, they can survive on 8 inches of rainfall per year.

For propagating by seed: Ocotillo is not a true cactus. Individual flowers are mildly zygomorphic and self-compatible. Articles with ‘species’ microformats Commons category link is on Wikidata.

Tube mm pink to deep purple or creamy white var. The bright red flowers appear in spring and summer, occurring as a group of small tube shapes at the tip of the stem. Stocky, swollen, caudiciform, almost invisible, with rough and fissured bark. Ocotillo in full bloom near Lookout Mountain, Phoenix, Arizona. When dry conditions return, ocotillo drops its leaves again.

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